Aspiration: up to 13 weeks after last menstrual period (LMP)
Aspiration is a surgical abortion procedure performed during the first 6 to 16 weeks gestation. It is also referred to as suction aspiration, suction curettage, or vacuum aspiration.
What is it?
This surgical procedure is used throughout the first trimester of pregnancy. Most early surgical abortions are performed using this method. Local anesthesia is typically offered to reduce pain, which makes this option less invasive. The abortion involves opening the cervix, passing a tube inside the uterus, and attaching it to a suction device which pulls the embryo out.
How Does it work?
Cervix is softened using luminaria and/or vaginal medications the night before. At the beginning of the procedure a local anesthetic is injected into the cervix. The cervix is stretched open using metal dilating rods. A plastic tube is inserted in to the uterus and connected to an electric or manual vacuum devise that pulls the fetus’s body apart and out. A curette may also be used to scrap any remaining fetal parts or blood clots out of the uterus. The removed tissue is then examined to verify completeness of the procedure.
What are the risks?
- Serious physical complication are infrequent
- Heaving bleeding
- Incomplete abortion
- Allergic reaction to medication
- Organ damage